Many people within the UK suffer from foot bunions. They can be extremely painful and make walking incredibly difficult in some extreme cases. The medical name often referred to bunions is hallux valgus. A foot bunion (hallux valgus) is the consequence of a malformation in the joint of the big toe. The 5 potential causes are highlighted below within this article.

  1. Heredities

Bunions can be linked to a person’s genetic history. If you have a family member that suffers from bunions then your risk of developing hallux valgus can also be increased. Although genetics can potentially increase the risk of a person suffering from bunions, it’s not understood to be the only reason.

  1. Arthritis

Bunions can also be linked with specific forms of arthritis, especially rheumatoid arthritis. People that have rheumatoid arthritis can be at a higher risk of developing bunions, but sometimes, people suffering with painful bunions can incorrectly link the pain to arthritis in their feet.

  1. Work-related Risks

Most people working in the UK have jobs which put unwarranted pressure on their feet and as such are put at a higher risk of having bunions. Professional dancers, especially those performing ballet place huge amounts of pressure on their feet and toes and can be prime candidates from suffering from bunions. Likewise, some workers that stand on their feet for long periods of time such as police officers, medical professionals and shop assistants to name but a few, can also suffer with painful bunions.

  1. Loose Ligaments

Some people suffering from loose ligaments and supple joints can see their chances of developing bunions increased. People that also have muscle and neurological ailments, like cerebral palsy, or Marfan syndrome are also at a risk of developing bunions.

  1. Ill-fitting Footwear

People wearing tight, ill-fitting shoes can suffer from bunions as their toes are squashed together forcing their big toe to become fixed in a twisted position. Ensure that you wear the correct footwear and that your toes have enough space between them when you walk. Likewise, if you’re already suffering from bunions and wearing incorrect footwear then this can sometimes worsen the foot ailment. High heels are one of the worst types of shoes a person can wear regarding bunions. This is because high heels force an individual’s body weight towards their toes causing substantial pressure to be focussed on the joints of their toes.


For people suffering with minor bunions, to decrease tendon pressure we at Federico Usuelli’s foot and ankle clinic recommend bespoke specialised orthotics or foot supports. In specific cases, we place a rocker-bottom device in the sole of the foot, similar to the famous MBT footwear, which can help cure the early symptoms.

For bunions which urgently require surgery then we recommend non-invasive operations. This practice includes the process of inserting very tiny point like incisions and cutters linked to micro motors. Many of our UK patients visit our clinic because our unrivalled minimally invasive surgery not only drastically reduces pain but also ensures a quick recovery. We’re delighted to have successfully treated so many of our UK patients over the years with this type of minimally invasive bunion surgery.

So, if you’re suffering from bunions or have any questions then please contact our foot and ankle team of leading orthopaedic surgeons today.